topics: Holocene, abrupt climate change, long-term variability, ocean circulation, …
What will happen if the CO2 content in the atmosphere is
(Radiative forcing= 4 Wm-2= lowering of A )
Discuss the sea ice evolution during the year !
Reduce (enhance) the sea ice thermal conductivity by 20% mimiking more (less) snow on top of sea ice !
Write down the numerical scheme (time stepping) !
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Lohmann, G., 2020 Climate Dynamics: Concepts, Scaling and Multiple Equilibria. Lecture Notes 2020, Bremen, Germany.
Lohmann, 2020 Temperatures from energy balance models: the effective heat capacity matters, Earth Syst. Dynam., 11, 1195–1208.
Wagner and Eisenman, 2015 How Climate Model Complexity Influences Sea Ice Stability. Journal of Climate.